Define host variables for the SELECT statement

WTSupported in traditional Synergy on Windows
WNSupported in Synergy .NET on Windows
USupported on UNIX
VSupported on OpenVMS
value = %SSC_DEFINE(dbchannel, dbcursor, numvars, var[, ...])

Return value


This function returns SSQL_NORMAL (success) or SSQL_FAILURE (failure). (i)



An internal database channel previously initialized using %SSC_INIT and connected by %SSC_CONNECT. (n)


The logical cursor number within the range from 1 through the maximum number specified by maxcur during %SSC_INIT. The cursor must have been opened by %SSC_OPEN. (n)


The number of host variables in the SELECT statement, up to the maximum number of columns specified by the maxcol argument in %SSC_INIT. If numvars is negative, the define variables are overwritten rather than appended. (n)


One to numvars host variables. The number of var variables passed must equal the value of numvars. (a, n, or String)


%SSC_DEFINE defines host variables to variables specified in a SELECT statement. Depending on the numvars setting, the definitions are either appended to the variables for the SELECT statement, or the SELECT statement variables are overwritten with the host variable definitions. %SSC_DEFINE affects only those variables that are used when %SSC_EXECUTE is called.

The total number of defined variables used by %SSC_MOVE must match the number of columns defined by the SELECT statement for an open cursor. For example, if there are 20 host variables in the SELECT statement, you could use one %SSC_DEFINE to append definitions for all 20 variables, or two %SSC_DEFINEs with 10 variables each, or any other combination as long as the number of variables defined by %SSC_DEFINE exactly matches the number of variables described by %SSC_OPEN in the SELECT statement before %SSC_MOVE is called:

You can use %SSC_DESCSQL if you are uncertain about the number of variables to define (for example, if you use a SELECT * statement). For more information, see %SSC_DESCSQL. For more information on defining variables, see Defining variables.

Note the following:

If you use ^VARARGARRAY, note that numvars is the last declared argument for this routine.


The following example shows how to define four Synergy DBL variables associated with cur1 and two variables associated with cur2.

record order_rec
       ord_num            ,d6
       ord_cust           ,d6
       ord_odate          ,a10
       ord_sdate          ,a10
record customer_rec
       cust_num           ,d6
       cust_name          ,a30
sqlp = "SELECT or_number, or_customer, or_date, orsdate FROM orders"
if (%ssc_open(dbchn, cur1, sqlp, SSQL_SELECT))
  goto err_exit
if (%ssc_define(dbchn, cur1, 4, ord_num, ord_cust, ord_odate, ord_sdate))
  goto err_exit
sqlp = "SELECT or_number, or_customer FROM orders WHERE or_customer  =  101"
if (%ssc_open(dbchn, cur2, sqlp, SSQL_SELECT))
  goto err_exit
if (%ssc_define(dbchn, cur2, 2, cust_num, cust_name)
  goto err_exit